Thursday, March 4, 2010

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transition to open access in the UK first

I am following the 4ths OS Repositories Conference from Argentina. I congratulate the organizers of the conference because those who have not able to travel anyway have the opportunity to participate.

The first presentation by Michael Jubb, who is the Director of the RIN (Research Information Network , UK ). Transcribe the notes I was taking along with links to documents cited Jubb.

The Research Information Network UK ( Research Information Network, UK) is a political unit funded by the funding councils for higher education in the United Kingdom, seven research councils and the three national libraries.

institutions that finance the Research Information Network are:

Michael Jubb talks about the gestation of policies in individual Research Councils UK. Place the policy context in Science & innovation investment framework


Activities Research and Development (R & D) have £ 22 million annual investment in the United Kingdom and the information is one of the main products of that investment. But the policies of funding agencies (research funders) in relation to the management of research products vary considerably, partly due to the different contexts in which they operate and the various communities they serve. Differences in political views as to the responsibilities, both in policy development and provision of information services, means that researchers who receive funding work a coherent vision of how to manage the production of research they produce.

Some themes:

* Excellence in research: Open Access allows you to display the great research institutions.

* Rating: Maximize your performance in assessments, seek advantage in citations, the advantage in the appointment of the information is open access (Open Access citation advantage)

* Dissemination and Access: We want to make sure it spreads as widely as possible

* Socio economic: Reach key sectors of society

* Management and Preservation

* Cost and Sustainability: The relationship between the cost and effectiveness of the investment, interest in improving the relationship between cost and profit. Rearrange the funds to support a robust system of scientific communication

In 2006 Research Councils UK (RCUK) raised a Position Statement on Access to products from the research n, based on four principles

  • Ideas and knowledge derived from publicly funded research must be available and accessible for public use, interrogation and examination, as widely, rapidly and effectively as possible.
  • The published research results must undergo a rigorous quality control, through effective mechanisms for peer review.
  • models and mechanisms for publication and access to research results must be efficient and improve cost-effectiveness in the use of public funds.
  • productions investigations current and future should be preserved and kept accessible for future generations.

The Medical Research Council (MRC) included in its policy of open access to copy and reuse of information:

If you paid a fee open access MRC requires authors and editors licensed items research so that they can be freely copied and re-used for purposes such as text mining and data, provided that such uses will give appropriate attribution "

In 2008 RCUK published a report on the impact of open access policy, available at

The Wellcome Trust UK is the largest charity in the United Kingdom in regard to research funding . Has had a stimulating approach to Open Access that put him in a position of leadership. It began with a policy in 2004 and in 2006 this policy became a mandate. More information:

This policy covers the research papers accepted for publication and have been funded in whole or in part by Wellcome Trust. It also indicates that pay for the cost of publication. This organization led the development of UK PubMed Central in 2007 and specifically requires the deposit in PubMed Central, rather than an institutional repository as "This has the advantage that it has demonstrated expertise, materials are collected in a one place, the files are managed and data mining is easier ".

UK PubMed Central is focused on items, but is starting to include protocols, gray literature and data. There are efforts to extend to a UK PubMed Central PubMed Central European

Los desafíos que hay son mejorar el cumplimiento de la política de acceso abierto, mayor comunicación y la simplificación del proceso para persuadir a los investigadores.

Higher Education Funding Council for England

El Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) ha tenido un rol de liderazgo en la promoción del Acceso Abierto.

Existen más de 100 repositorios institucionales en el Reino Unido. El repositorio de la Universidad de Cambridge el más grande.

La percepción por parte de los investigadores de que los trabajos se evalúan de manera particular, en especial de acuerdo a Research Assessment Exercise (RAE), the new version is Research Excellence Framework (REF) has had more influence on how they communicate their research results.

publications in relation to Open Access (by Golden), universities do not have good mechanisms to pay publication fees at OA. In the UK there are no agreements as they have done in the United States, the five universities (Berkeley, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard and Massachusetts Institute of Technology) have signed an agreement to provide its research funds to pay the costs of publishing Open Access. More information on Compact Equity for Open Access Publication (COPE)

In relation to open access policies, 18 universities have policies on deposit in repositories. Some distinguish between storage and access, but not very strong policy. The Research excellence framework is moving to adding open access policies.

has been a growth of open access journals in the United Kingdom demonstrated in DOAJ, Ulrich's , Open J - Gate.

In relation to share and disseminate research data, there are aspects that make it difficult to do with the ownership, protection and confidence. The reward system benefits not share data, there are no incentives from policy evaluation. The researchers have preferred to share data only from the way they want and who they want. Do not rely on data from other researchers. This varies according to academic areas.

In the current system is much more expensive is to produce research that the publication itself. Graphic report shows the "Activities, Costs and Funding flows in the scholarly communications system in the UK"

also refers to a research funded by JISC RIN and " Communicating knowledge: How and why UK Researchers Publish and Disseminate Their Findings "

In production rates predominate research journal articles, especially in the sciences and this is tied to evaluations. The importance of other types of research products varies by discipline. In engineering for example the conference proceedings are very important in the humanities books and book chapters are very important as research products.

A high percentage of researchers believe that open access repositories is not important or does not apply to the dissemination of their research.

In the view of researchers the future, an evaluation system based on appointments that will further open access publishing.

In the transition to a new scholarly communication system, RIN is sponsored a portfolio research projects jointly with other organizations. The projects focus on different areas:

  • Transition to publications that are published only in digital format
  • deficits in access
  • dynamics to improve access
  • Future of scholarly communication

Answers to questions attendees:

  • Very few (3 or 4) universities have central funds to pay publication charges in open access, others are considering it, universities do not have many funds and money should consider this in your budget.
  • Researchers in deciding where and how to publish their research is the main motivation is published in a respected journal, with appreciation for his work to be considered high quality, peer recognition, appointments, etc. Second to think about the wider dissemination are not motivated enough even to put their work in repositories, until we do easier, more automatic, some clubs "Must you do this" but believes that "carrots" are best achieved.
  • mechanisms to control policies are met: The research councils are independent bodies and very proud of this independence and is difficult to have a single policy. They talk about the needs of their communities of researchers are different from what the rest of the communities, mechanisms for policy enforcement are weak, the government asks them to reduce administrative costs to a minimum and policies required to generate compliance more people.
I still enjoy the conference!


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